Valve Replacement Techniques
The valves found in the heart includes the mitral valve, tricuspid valve, pulmonary valve and aortic valve. Each valve has flaps called leaflets that open and close once during each heartbeat. Sometimes improper opening or closure of the valves, disrupt the entire circulation through your heart to your body leading to heart valve disease. Heart valve surgery is a procedure to treat heart valve disease, in which the surgeon repairs or replaces the affected heart valves.
Heart valve disease can develop before birth (congenital) or can be acquired sometime during one's lifetime due to Rheumatic fever, endocarditis, coronary artery disease, heart attack, high blood pressure, cardiomyopathy (heart muscle disease) and syphilis (a sexually transmitted disease), aortic aneurysms.