The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Cardiac stem cell Therapies – The Outbreak in the Heart Failure Treatment.
Cardiac Stem cell Therapy is an innovative approach for the treatment of damaged heart tissues. In Cardiac stem Cell therapy, The derived cells are intramyocardially applied to the damaged target tissue in order to replace and regenerate them. Within Few months, the myocardial cells are impacted by the stem cells and thereby improve the contractility of the affected segments. Consequently, this brings a patient’s ejection fraction to normal levels. This Therapy is Highly potential especially in tackling Myocardial Infarction(MI) and Congestive Heart Failure(CHF).
- Track 1-1Cardiac Stem Cell Clinical Trials
- Track 1-2Cardiac Tissue Regeneration
- Track 1-3Challenges of Regenerating Heart
- Track 1-4Cardiac Stem Cell Therapy Administration
- Track 1-5Stem Cell Treatment for Congestive Heart Failure and Cardiomyopathy
Cardio Vascular Immunology is an upcoming research area which relates the Cardiovascular system with the Immune system. The cells involved are known as Cardiovascular cell types which includes Cardiomyocytes, Fibroblasts, Endothelial Cells, Pericytes and Cardiac resident Macrophages.
Cardiovascular Immunology plays a major role in the Cardiovascular remodelling and Thrombosis. During Heart Transplantation, The mechanism of Cardio Vascular Immunology has to be understood and based on which the chronic or acute rejection can be detected and diagnosed appropriately.
- Track 2-1Heart Transplantation
- Track 2-2Acute and Chronic Rejection of Heart Transplant
- Track 2-3Hypersensitivity Myocarditis
- Track 2-4Immune Mechanisms in Cardiac Injuiry and Repair
Pediatric Cardiology is the branch of medicine that deals with the study of Heart defects, acquired heart disease and system abnormalities pulmonary circulations in the fetus, newborn, child and young adult. When a pediatrician suspects a heart problem, they consult the pediatric cardiologist to investigate further.
- Track 3-1Fetal Heart System
- Track 3-2Heart Murmur
- Track 3-3Cardiomyopathy
- Track 3-4Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome
- Track 3-5Sudden Cardiac Death
- Track 3-6Coronary Artery Dilatation
Cardiac Implants are those devices which are used for Heart care. Some of the devices helps heart to work properly such as the pacemakers helps the heart on maintaining regular rhythms whereas the defibrillator tracks the heartbeats. Some of the heart devices are left ventricular assist device, pacemakers, implantable cardioverter defibrillator etc.
Patients who are Implanted with Cardiac devices requires constant management of these devices requires management of these devices. The Experts involved in Managing these devices are said to be Cardio Electrophysiologists.
- Track 4-1Pacemakers
- Track 4-2Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator(ICD)
- Track 4-3Implantable Cardiac Loop Recorder
- Track 4-4Coronary Stents
- Track 4-5Cardiac Catheters
Congenital Heart Disease is the type of disease which occur before birth due to the defect in the structure of heart or blood vessels. Most of the Congenital heart diseases are structural defects that may be holes or leaky valves, Problems with heart valves and Issues with heart muscle. The Symptoms in Adult with Congenital Heart diseases include Shortness of Breath, Problem with Exercise. Congenital Heart diseases can be treated with Medications, Surgery or invasive procedures. Some mild CHD do not require any treatment. Adults with Congenital Heart diseases must take precautions to prevent endocarditis and should be monitored by a Congenital Heart specialist.
- Track 5-1Congenital valve defects
- Track 5-2Anomalous Pulmonary Veins
- Track 5-3Coarctation of the Aorta
- Track 5-4Ebstein Anomaly
- Track 5-5Pulmonary Artery Stenosis
- Track 5-6Transposition of the Great Arteries
Cardiology is one of the most significant Field of medicine and the advancements in such fields have to be encouraged. Cardiac Rehabilitation is one of such advancements and it involves adopting healthy lifestyle inorder to escape from the risk factors for Cardiovascular disease. Exercises, training, Counselling and promoting education in order to reduce the intake of medicines to treat heart problems are the programs involved in Cardiac Rehabilitation. Cardiac Resychronization Therapy can be applied for Heart Failure Patients which assist in improving the Rhythm of heart and other symptoms of Arrhythmia.
- Track 6-1Vascular Surgery
- Track 6-2Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
- Track 6-3Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
- Track 6-4Cardiac Resychronization Therapy
- Track 6-5Cardiac Rehabilitation
- Track 6-6Telemetry Care
- Track 6-7Angiology
- Track 6-8Preventive Cardiology
Generally the Heart diseases are classified into three basic categories. They are Electrical,Circulatory and Structural disorders. Electrical Disorders are caused due to the abnormalities in the electrical system that regulates heartbeat. Circulatory Disorders are usually the disorders associated with Blood vessels and mostly they are preventative. Structural Disorders are due to the problems in the development of valves, heart muscle which are present right from Birth.
- Track 7-1Arrhythmia
- Track 7-2Congenital Heart Disease
- Track 7-3Coronary Artery Disease
- Track 7-4Dilated Cardiomyopathy
- Track 7-5Myocardial Infarction
- Track 7-6Ischemic Stroke
- Track 7-7Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
- Track 7-8Aortic Stenosis
- Track 7-9Mitral valve Prolapse
The valves found in the heart includes the mitral valve, tricuspid valve, pulmonary valve and aortic valve. Each valve has flaps called leaflets that open and close once during each heartbeat. Sometimes improper opening or closure of the valves, disrupt the entire circulation through your heart to your body leading to heart valve disease. Heart valve surgery is a procedure to treat heart valve disease, in which the surgeon repairs or replaces the affected heart valves.
Heart valve disease can develop before birth (congenital) or can be acquired sometime during one's lifetime due to Rheumatic fever, endocarditis, coronary artery disease, heart attack, high blood pressure, cardiomyopathy (heart muscle disease) and syphilis (a sexually transmitted disease), aortic aneurysms.
Interventional Cardiology is generally a non-surgical procedure that makes use of small, flexible tube called Catheter in order to repair weakened and damaged blood vessels, narrowed arteries, or other parts of the affected heart structure.
The Cardiac Abnormalities which can be treated by the method of Interventional Cardiology involve
- Track 9-1Carotid Stenting
- Track 9-2Percutaneous Mitral Valve Repair
- Track 9-3Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
- Track 9-4Invasive Cardiology
- Track 9-5Nonsurgical Interventional Treatments
- Track 9-6Cardiac Angioplasty
Cardio vascular Physiology involves the study about Cardiac Muscle, Cardiac cycle and Electrical Properties of Cardiac fibres. The significant part of Cardio vascular Physiology is Hemodynamics which deals with the forces generated during heart pumping inorder to develop the blood circulation through the Cardio vascular System.
Maternal Hemodynamic changes occurs during Pregnancy which is associated with the Vasodilation of the Systemic Vasculature and the Maternal kidneys. During pregnancy, healthy women experience some increased shortness of breath on exertion and increased fatigue. Because resting cardiac output is increased in pregnancy, the maximal cardiac output induced by exercise is achieved at a lower level of work.
- Track 10-1Cardiac Cellular Anatomy
- Track 10-2Maternal Hemodynamic Changes
- Track 10-3Clinical Cardiovascular Findings in Normal Pregnancy
- Track 10-4Heart Depolarisation
Cardiac Mechanics is the study about Mechanical function of the heart . The Mechanical Function of the heart is governed by the contractile properties of the cells, the mechanical stiffness of the muscle and connective tissue, and the pressure and volume loading conditions on the organ.
The study of Cardiac Mechanics helps in predicting normal and abnormal mechanical processes of the heart based on which better analytical techniques can be developed in order to improve diagnosis.
- Track 11-1Cardio-toxicity
- Track 11-2Cardiac CT angiography
- Track 11-3Cardiac rehabilitation
- Track 11-4Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT)
Veterinary Cardiology is the study of heart and circulatory system in animals. The veterinary cardiologists focus on the diagnosis and treatment of the heart and lung diseases such as congestive heart failure, coughing and other breathing problems, diseases of the Pericardium, high blood pressure, age related changes to the valves of the heart, Pulmonary hypertension and many other diseases. Depending upon the animal health condition the Veterinary cardiologists perform various physical and chemical examinations and on the result basis the diagnosis and treatment is done which includes Pacemaker implantation in animals to maintain the heart rate, evaluation of blood pressure, ECG, cardiac surgery for the Congenital Heart Defects, Sonography and may other modern treatments to treat heart diseases are used.
- Track 12-1Veterinary medicine
- Track 12-2Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)
- Track 12-3Congestive heart failure
- Track 12-4Myxomatous mitral valve degeneration
- Track 12-5Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Cats (HCM)
- Track 12-6Dilated Cardiomyopathy in Dogs (DCM)
- Track 12-7Cardiac arrhythmias in animals
The choice of cardiac assist device to treat end stage heart failure is determined by the needs of the individual. These devices aid in normal functioning of the system either partially or completely. The cardiac assist devices may be of mechanical type such as Left Ventricular Assist Device or Intra Aortic Balloon Pump, and external type such as Heart Lung Machine or Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenator. The main purpose of these devices is to ensure proper functioning of the heart and prevent it from collapsing.
The leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide is due to the Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) including coronary artery disease, stroke, heart failure, peripheral arterial disease, and other CVD manifestations. The major risk factors include hypertension, cigarette smoking, elevated cholesterol, elevated glucose levels/diabetes, obesity and physical inactivity which leads to death globally.
Cardio-oncology is helping the patients who are going through cancer treatment. In this the cardiologists evaluates the risk on Heart due to various surgeries, cancer drugs, or radiation treatment. It involves various treatments such as trans-esophageal echo, Exercise and pharmacologic stress echo, Exercise and Pharmacologic SPECT and PET, Stress cardiac MRI, Cardiac CT angiography, Coronary calcium score, Carotid IMT, comprehensive preventive strategies for optimal heart health, Nutrition counselling etc.
- Track 14-1Cardiac Oncology
- Track 14-2Cardiovascular Mortality
- Track 14-3Cardiovascular Genetics
- Track 14-4Causes of Cardiovascular Diseases
The heart and the vascular system are frequent and characteristic targets of several systemic autoimmune diseases, in particular Systemic Lupus Erythematosus(SLE), Rheumatoid Arthritis(RA) and Systemic Sclerosis(SSc). Inflammation and damage of the heart muscle leads to Myocarditis.
About 5 to 20% of cases of sudden death are due to myocarditis in young adults.
- Track 15-1Myocarditis
- Track 15-2Rheumatic Heart Diseases
- Track 15-3Pericarditis
- Track 15-4Endocarditis
Cardiac imaging enables physicians to validate the evidence of coronary artery diseases in order to provide early, effective treatments for the patients. Unlike other diagnosis methods, cardiology requires an additional attention to rule out the disease accurately. Hence each method has its own advantages that helps the physicians to understand how best to treat aspects of heart disease. The ultimate goal is to ensure the best care for the patients throughout their lifetime. There are many newest radiology technology advances in which the researchers are working in depth.
- Track 16-1Coronary Catheterization
- Track 16-2Echocardiogram
- Track 16-3Cardiac PET scan
- Track 16-4Intravascular Ultrasound
- Track 16-5Cardiac MRI
- Track 16-6Cardiac CT scan
Heart diseases that are caused due to direct or indirect effects of elevated Blood Pressure are said to be Hypertensive Heart diseases.some of the hypertensive Heart diseases include left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), coronary artery disease (CAD), Cardiac Arrhythmias and Congestive Heart Failure(CHF). The factors which are involved in the Etiology of Hypertensive heart diseases such as
Hemodynamic, Structural, Neuroendocrine, Cellular, and Molecular factors and these factors leads to the development of hypertension and its Complications.
Cushing’s syndrome is often accompanied by Cardiovascular risk factors, including obesity, hypertension (high blood pressure), Diabetes Mellitus(high blood glucose levels) and high blood lipid levels. It is also noted that patients who are not or not completely cured from Cushing’s syndrome remain at risk for cardiovascular diseases.
- Track 17-1Pathophysiology of Hypertension
- Track 17-2Cardiovascular Risk Factors
- Track 17-3Consequences of Hypertension
- Track 17-4Cushings Syndrome
The first and foremost diagnosis is measuring the rate of heart beat and checking Blood Pressure. The diagnosis of the heart can be made by various methods such as imaging techniques, surgeries, Electrophysiology, Angiography, Radiography, etc. The widely used tests for diagnosing Cardiac issues are Chest X-ray, Stress Test, Tilt Table Test, Echo-cardiogram, CT Heart Scan, Myocardial Biopsy, Heart MRI and Pericardiocentesis. Pericardiocentesis also known as pericardial tap means collecting the fluid from the sac surrounding the heart and analyzing it for any sign of infection, inflammation or Presence of Cancer. Medical care is very essential once heart disease is diagnosed. The goals of treatment are stabilizing the condition, controlling long-term symptoms and healing if possible.
- Track 18-1Cardiogeriatrics
- Track 18-2Electrocardiogram(ECG)
- Track 18-3Echocardiogram(heart ultra sound)
- Track 18-4Chest X-ray
- Track 18-5Nuclear Cardiac Stress test
- Track 18-6Coronary Computed Tomography Angiogram(CCTA)
- Track 18-7Electrophysiology studies
Cardiac Nursing is the service provided by the Cardiac care Nurses who helps the Patients suffering from Cardiovascular system. It involves the advance cardiovascular care for patients such as the surgical tests, stress tests, cardiac monitoring and heath assessments.Cardiac care Nurses assist in stress test evaluations, Cardiac and Vascular monitoring, Health assessments, Electrocardiogram monitoring and taking care of patients who had undergone Bypass, Angioplasty or Pacemaker surgery.
- Track 19-1Advances in Cardiac Nursing
- Track 19-2Nurse-led Cardiovascular Procedures
- Track 19-3Cardiovascular Nurse Care
- Track 19-4Nursing Care Plan
- Track 19-5Cardiovascular Nurse Education
Cardiac Pharmacology is the study about Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Cardiovascular System. The effect of drugs on the Cardiovascular system i.e., Vasoconstriction, Renal Perfusion and other reflex actions on the Myocardium comes under Cardiovascular Pharmacology.
Pharmacokinetics generally deals with Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism and Elimination of the drugs administered. Cardiac Pharmacology also involves Toxic effects of the drugs and how to treat such intoxications. Lignocaine and Quinidine are the drugs which are obtained from the Plant sources.
- Track 20-1Cardiotoxicity
- Track 20-2Myocardial Contractility
- Track 20-3Cardiotonic Agents
- Track 20-4Antihypotensive Agents
- Track 20-5Vascular Medicine
- Track 20-6Cardiac therapeutics